A hysterectomy is the surgical removal of the uterus, or womb. It is the second most frequently performed surgery on women after Cesarean section (C-section). Depending on the type of hysterectomy performed and the reason it’s being done, removal of the cervix, ovaries and fallopian tubes is sometimes performed during the same surgery.

argaiv1741

There are 3 basic types:

Supracervical (subtotal or partial) hysterectomy

The uterus is removed but the cervix is left in place, which some research suggests may help to reduce the risk of pelvic floor prolapse. It may also help preserve sexual function. Moreover, recovery is easier. The ovaries and fallopian tubes may or may not be removed.

Total hysterectomy (or “traditional hysterectomy”)

The uterus and cervix are removed. As an option, the ovaries and fallopian tubes may or may not be removed.

Radical hysterectomy

The uterus, cervix and some of the pelvic lymph nodes, are removed. The ovaries and fallopian tubes may or may not be removed. This is usually recommended to treat some cancers of the uterus or cervix.